Ernest Hemingway Biography - American Novelist

Ernest Hemingway Biography 2021 - American Novelist

"There is nothing to writing. All you do is sit down at a typewriter and bleed", as stated by one of the most adulated authors of the 20th century, Ernest Hemingway, is the exact tenet with which one needs to persist in his life. The same philosophy and the dedication to writing led to Hemingway being recognized throughout the world as one of the few elites in English literature. Hemingway's drive towards perfection and storytelling resulted in him winning the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954.

Ernest Hemingway was an American writer with one of the most splendid bodies of work and an iconic style that influences writers to this day. Ernest Hemingway's creative talent was almost matched by his personality and his constant pursuit of adventure, both in his narrative and in his life. Hemingway did it all during his lifetime, and his works are considered classics in American Literature and will remain a flaming light of ingenuity throughout the years.

Early Life, Family, and Education

Ernest Miller Hemingway was brought into this world on the 21st of July, 1899. He was born in an affluent suburb west of Chicago in Oak Park, Illinois, in a family of a scholar and an artist, traits which Hemingway possesses himself. Ernest Hemingway's father, Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, was a physician by trait, and his mother, Grace Hall Hemingway, was a musician. Belonging from a well-educated and well-respected family in a conservative community in Oak Park, Hemingway was named after his grandfather from the mother's side. He was interested in joining the US Army from an early age.

Ernest Hemingway Early Life

Ernest Hemingway wanted to be a part of US army during his early years. Image Source: Social Media.

Ernest Hemingway was one of the 6 children of Clarence and Grace. He was the second child in the family, being preceded by Marcelline Hemingway Sanford, born in 1898, by a year. Likewise, Ernest is the older brother to Ursula Hemingway, born in 1902, Madelaine Hemingway, born in 1904, Carol Hemingway, born in 1911; and Leicester Hemingway, born in 1915, who's the youngest member of their family.

Hemingway attended his local Oak Park and River Forest High School in Oak Park from 1913 to 1917. He was a proficient student and a great athlete. To add to that, Ernest was involved in boxing, track and field, water polo, and football in his school days. He performed in the school orchestra and, most importantly, received good grades in English classes. During his final two years of high school, he was the editor of his high school paper, Trapeze and Tabula.

The initial experience Hemingway received through his work in his high school later assisted him in being a writer and reporter. This, in a way, shaped Ernest Hemingway's career to what we know today.

Career, Wars, And Literature

After completing high school, Hemingway wanted to join the army as the United States became involved in the first world war, opting out of an opportunity to join a University. Ernest joined the Kansas City Star newspaper as a reporter and reported on police, hospital, and anywhere where he could join in on the action. After working as a reporter, Ernest joined the Red Cross and helped the people in Europe involved in the war. During the war, he got wounded a few times and went back to the US.

His return to the US, or Chicago, to be more specific, developed multiple facets to his writing as he worked in another newspaper company in Chicago. He met Sherwood Anderson, a fellow writer, there who advised him to move to Paris, and he did so. After moving to France, Ernest traveled all over Europe. This helped him learn about various cultures, people, and social ladders, and Hemingway started writing short stories applying his experiences.

Ernest published his first book of short stories called In Our Time. He started writing more of these stories and even novels down the line and found immense success via his work. Some of Ernest Hemingway's best books are mentioned below.

Books Published Year
The Torrents of Spring 1926
The Sun Also Rises 1926
A farewell to Arms 1929
Winner Take Nothing 1933
To Have and Have Not 1937
For Whom the Bell Tolls 1940
Across the River and Into the Trees 1950
The Old Man and the Sea 1952
A Moveable Feast 1964
Islands in the Stream 1970
The Dangerous Summer 1985

All the books and success made Ernest Hemingway's net worth quite an amount during his time throughout his life. He was a savvy money manager and invested in multiple fields, which allowed him to live a fulfilling life.

Ernest Hemingway got involved in wars during his lifetime, traveled to many countries, and wrote countless books. In 1954, the writer won the Nobel Prize for Literature but was sick at the time to partake in the ceremony of his achievement.

All the success in his career allowed Hemingway to earn a good living and enjoy his life with his multiple wives.

Multiple Wives And Children

Though Hemingway was one of the best in literature, he was not the best at sticking around with the same person when it comes to relationships. Hemingway married Hadley Richardson in 1921 and moved to Paris with her. Their marriage lasted for six years as Ernest married Pauline Pfeiffer in 1927 in Europe, the same year he got divorced from his first wife.

Ernest Hemingway wife Pauline Pfeiffer

Ernest Hemingway's second wife was Pauline Pfeiffer. Image Source: Social Media.

Pfeiffer and Hemingway divorced in 1940, and the author married Martha Gellhorn immediately after. After his five-year-long marriage, the couple got divorced, and a year later, the short story writer married Mary Welsh Hemingway in 1946 and spent the rest of his life with her.

Despite having four wives, he only had three kids. Ernest Hemingway's first son was Jack Hemingway, who he had with his first wife, Hadley. Ernest had the rest of the two kids, Patrick Hemingway and Gregory Hemingway, with his second wife.

Sickness And Suicide

Despite all his glorious achievements, Ernest Hemingway became a victim of suicide. He used to get sick constantly and acted abnormally during his final years. It is believed that this was due to hereditary hemochromatosis, a condition with an excessive amount of iron in the body, which his father probably passed down. 

Ernest Hemingway death

Ernest Hemingway used to hunt wild animals. Image Source: Flickr.

On the 2nd of July of 1961, the famed novelist killed himself in Ketchum, Idaho, United States. Despite his past behaviors, Ernest Hemingway's wife stated that the writer accidentally killed himself on a Sunday while cleaning a shotgun.

Despite all his wonderful achievements and some of his bad traits, Ernest Hemingway's legacy will remain glorious for years to come.

Trivia And Fun Facts

  • Ernest Hemingway is the grandfather of two popular actresses, Mariel Hemingway and Margaux Hemingway.
  • Hemingway dedicated a book to each of his wives while he was married to them.
  • He survived two plane crashes while on vacation in Africa.
  • Hemingway suffered from depression several times during his life.

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